During the New Kingdom period (1570 to 1085 BC) the advantages of having a standing army were realized and two types of service were established. National service was when an adult joined for a year or two as they trained and served with the possibility of being called back into service later. The other was a military career where a child was signed up as young as five years old and taken from their families to live in camps where they trained. The army fought in the wars, patrolled the borders, organized the workers in the quarries and supervised the transportation of the stone blocks to the construction sites. Soldiers also traveled to distant lands in search of gold, ebony and ivory. The elite soldiers guarded the palace.
Ancient Egypt page